Document Type : Research Paper
Administrative corruption is a phenomenon that exists more or less in all countries. However, the types, shapes, and extent of corruptions are different in every country. Today the administrative and financial corruption have become a global problem, and governments are aware that corruption leads to endless harms and knows no boundaries. The problem cripples the domestic economy, and disrupts the development of democratic institutions so to fight and control corruption, the factors influencing corruption must be identified.
The main purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of globalization on administrative corruption in the Middle East and North African countries during the years 1995-2010, using a new economic globalization index (KOF) . To this end, Corruption Perception Index is used for measuring administrative corruption (reducing Administrative corruption) in this group of countries. The research model is estimated by using the techniques of econometrics such as panel data unit root, panel data cointegration, Fixed Effects Model, and Generalized Least Squares Method.
The results of this study indicate that globalization has a significant negative effect on the Corruption Perception Index (decrease in administrative corruption) on the surveyed countries. In addition, indicators of economic development, property rights, democracy, and human capital have positive and significant effects, whereas inflation, population index and the savings rate have significantly negative effects on the Corruption Perception Index (decrease in administrative corruption).