سیاستگذاری عمومی مناسب برای یک اقتصاد دانش بنیان

نوع مقاله: ترجمه

نویسندگان

1 استاد دانشکدۀ اقتصادِ دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی

2 دکتری توسعۀ کشاورزی از دانشگاه بوعلی سینا

چکیده

طی سالیان اخیر لزوم دانش بنیان شدن مورد تأکید تمامی مسئولان و صاحب نظران کشور بوده و همگان در این خصوص توافق داشته اند. امّا تحقق جامعه مبتنی بر دانایی یا همان جامعه دانش بنیان مستلزم برخی تحوّلات بنیادین در جهت گیری ها، خط مشی ها و سیاستگذاری های عمومی می باشد. جوزف استیگلیتز (برندۀ نوبل اقتصادی و مشاور ارشد بانک جهانی) در این مقاله به تعریف «جامعۀ مبتنی بر دانایی»، ذکر تفاوت های آن با جامعه ای که دانش بنیان نیست و تشریح سیاستگذاری عمومیِ متناسب با این نوع جامعه پرداخته است. وی همچنین تحوّل صورت گرفته در برخی جوامع (مانند جوامع شرق آسیا) را از نقطه نظر سیاست گذاری عمومی به خوبی تشریح کرده است. این مقاله حاوی نکات بسیار ارزشمند و بنیادینی است که عدم توجه به آنها موجب عدم تحقق هدف «دانش بنیان شدن جوامع» بوده و می باشد. این مقاله می تواند برای سیاستگذاران، برنامه ریزان، متخصصان و علاقه مندان این حیطۀ موضوعی در ایران بسیار مفید فایده باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

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