موانع ادغام اقتصاد عربستان سعودی در فرماسیون انباشت سرمایه‌داری جهانی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری گروه روابط بین‌الملل دانشکده علوم انسانی دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، (نویسنده مسئول)

2 استادیار گروه روابط بین‌الملل دانشکده علوم انسانی دانشگاه تربیت مدرس

چکیده

 دغدغۀ اساسی پژوهش حاضر ریشه در این پرسش دارد که چرا اقتصاد عربستان سعودی (به‌رغم توان استفاده از فرایندهای جهانی‌شدن، نیروی کار جوان، درک ناکارآمدی اقتصاد تک‌محصولی و برنامه‌ریزی‌های اقتصادی)‌، نمی‌‌تواند از شیوۀ انباشت نفت‌محور گذار و در فرماسیون انباشت سرمایه‌داری جهانی (پسافوردیستی یا پساصنعتی) ادغام شود؟ در پاسخ به این سؤال، نویسنده معتقد است که دگرگونی در فرایند انباشت سرمایه در پادشاهی سعودی به تغییر در رویکرد حکومت در ارتباط با جامعه، بخش خصوصی و سیاست خارجی پرهزینه آن وابسته است. از این رو، مادامی که بسترها و شرایط فوق به همراه کاهش وابستگی به نفت مهیا نشود، صورت‌بندی انباشت سرمایه عربستان سعودی وابسته به نفت و دولت، مستقل از دانش و فناوری، متکی به تخصص نیروهای خارجی، یکنواخت و بی‌بهره از عواید بخش خدمات خواهد بود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

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